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Remembering the fallen heroes of Surabaya

The two major historical memorials in the city are the Tugu Pahlawan (Monument of Heroes) and the 10th of November Museum, both located on Jl. Pahlawan in the downtown area.
The Monument of Heroes, officially opened by then president Sukarno on Nov. 10, 1952, after a year of construction, was built to commemorate the Indonesian soldiers and militias who died in battle against the Dutch and British troops in Surabaya in October and November 1945.
The Battle of Surabaya is widely regarded as the heaviest of the revolution for independence and became a national symbol of Indonesian resistance that helped the nation in gaining international support for its freedom.
Standing more than 41 meters tall, the monument sits on a 2.5-hectare plot of land that used to house the Raad Van Justitie, or the high court, during the Dutch colonial era and also the Japanese military police headquarters during the period of Japanese occupation.
During the wars of independence, the building …
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10 of the best Indonesian sambals

Before even tasting her lunch of soto ayam (aromatic chicken soup) Hanna, 24, immediately grabbed the sambal container from the food court table and added five spoonfuls to her steaming hot dish.
"I can't live without sambal. If the food is not spicy enough, I can't eat it," said Hanna who is a native of Medan, North Sumatra.
She then added another two spoons of sambal after finally tasting the soto ayam and deciding it was just right.
Many Indonesians are like Hanna, spiciness is an integral element to their food. Even if the main course is sweet, such as gudeg (jackfruit stewed in coconut milk), they will add sambal to complement the taste.
Almost every region in Indonesia has its own special chili sauce, in fact, there are so many that making a top ten list seemed like a herculean task.
Fortunately, master food connoisseur Bondan Winarno offered to share his ten favorite Indonesian sambals.
Bondan is a renowned TV personality whose program, Wisata K…

Classroom Activity

Tongue twisters in your classroom How fast can you say this sentence? Say it several trimes - FAST!
The sixth sheikh's sixth sheep is sick.
Using tongue twisters in class is a fun and challenging way of providing pronunciation practice. Tongue twisters don't always make sense but your students will enjoy trying to say them.
Here's just one idea on how to use tongue twisters in the classroom.
Disappearing tongue twisters Choose a tongue twister. Practice it as a class then write up the sentence on the board, for example:
She sells sea shells by the sea shore.
Now rub out a couple of words and replace them with lines, for example:

She sells ____ shells by the sea _____.

Recount Text

1.Definition of Recount Recount is a text which retells events or experiences in the past. Its purpose is either to inform or to entertain the audience. There is no complication among the participants and that differentiates from narrative.
2.Generic Structure of Recount 1. Orientation: Introducing the participants, place and time 2. Events: Describing series of event that happened in the past 3. Reorientation: It is optional. Stating personal comment of the writer to the story.
3.Language Feature of Recount • Introducing personal participant; I, my group, etc • Using chronological connection; then, first, etc • Using linking verb; was, were, saw, heard, etc • Using action verb; look, go, change, etc • Using simple past tense 4.Examples and structures of the text
Our trip to the Blue Mountain Orientation On Friday we went to the Blue Mountains. We stayed at David and Della’s house. It has a big garden with lots of colourful flowers and a tennis court. Events On Saturday we saw the Three Sisters …

Between Recount and Narrative